E-commerce giant suffers major data breach in Codecov incident

E-commerce platform Mercari has disclosed a major data breach incident that occurred due to exposure from the Codecov supply-chain attack.

Mercari is a publicly traded Japanese company and an online marketplace that has recently expanded its operations to the United States and the United Kingdom.

The Mercari app has scored over 100 million downloads worldwide as of 2017, and the company is the first in Japan to reach unicorn status.

As earlier reported, popular code coverage tool Codecov had been a victim of a supply-chain attack that lasted for two months.

During this two-month period, threat actors had modified the legitimate Codecov Bash Uploader tool to exfiltrate environment variables (containing sensitive information such as keys, tokens, and credentials) from Codecov customers’ CI/CD environments.

Using the credentials harvested from the tampered Bash Uploader, Codecov attackers reportedly breached hundreds of customer networks.

Major data leak exposes thousands of customer financial records

Today, e-commerce giant Mercari has disclosed major impact from the Codecov supply-chain attack on its customer data.

The company has confirmed that tens of thousands of customer records, including financial information, were exposed to external actors due to the Codecov breach.

After concluding their investigation today, May 21st, Mercari states that the compromised records include:

  • 17,085 records related to the transfer of sales proceeds to customer accounts that occurred between August 5, 2014 and January 20, 2014.
    • Exposed information includes bank code, branch code, account number, account holder (kana), transfer amount.
  • 7,966 records on business partners of “Mercari” and “Merpay,” including names, date of birth, affiliation, e-mail address, etc. exposed for a few.
  • 2,615 records on some employees including those working for a Mercari subsidiary
    • Names of some employees current as of April 2021, company email address, employee ID, telephone number, date of birth, etc.
    • Details of past employees, some contractors, and employees of external companies who interacted with Mercari
  • 217customer service support cases registered between November 2015 and January 2018.
    • Exposed data includes customer name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, and inquiry content.
  • 6 records related to an event that occurred in May 2013.

Mercari has illustrated the attack and how this data was exposed to third-party actors in the following infographic:

Mercari drops Codecov entirely after month-long investigation

Mercari became aware of the impact from the Codecov breach shortly after Codecov’s initial disclosure made mid-April.

On April 23rd, GitHub also notified Mercari of suspicious activity related to the incident seen on Mercari’s repositories.

The same day, Mercari began digging deeper and requested GitHub for detailed access logs.

Eventually, Mercari staff determined that a malicious third party had acquired and misused their authentication credentials and accessed Mercari’s private repositories between April 13th and April 18th.

On discovery of this attack, Mercari immediately deactivated the compromised credentials and secrets and continued investigating the full impact of the breach.

On April 27, Mercari discovered that some of its customer information and source code, stored in these GitHub repositories, had been illicitly accessed by unauthorized external parties.

The company says it had to wait on disclosing the data breach until today because its investigation activities had been ongoing. And until any security weaknesses could be completely identified and remediated, the company risked suffering further attacks and damage.

Mercari has now concluded its investigation and hence come forward with the detailed disclosure today.

As observed by BleepingComputer, this week, the e-commerce giant also began purging its GitHub repositories from using Codecov anywhere:

Mercari has individually contacted the people whose information has been compromised, and also notified relevant authorities, including the Personal Information Protection Commission, Japan, of this data breach:

“At the same time as this announcement, we will promptly provide individual information to those who are subject to the information leaked due to this matter, and we have also set up a dedicated contact point for inquiries regarding this matter.”

“In the future, we will continue to implement further security enhancement measures and investigate this matter while utilizing the knowledge of external security experts, and will promptly report any new information that should be announced.”

“We sincerely apologize for any inconvenience and concern caused by this matter,” says Mercari in a rough translation of its original press release.

Today’s disclosure comes after multiple companies have recently come forward with the impact of the Codecov supply-chain attack on their private repositories. These include software manufacturer HashiCorp, cloud communications platform Twilio, cloud services provider Confluent, insurance company Coalition, U.S. cybersecurity firm Rapid7, and workflow management platform Monday.com.

Last month, Codecov also began sending additional notifications to the impacted customers and disclosed a thorough list of Indicators of Compromise (IOCs), i.e. attacker IP addresses associated with this supply-chain attack.

Codecov users should scan their CI/CD environments and networks for any signs of compromise, and as a safeguard, rotate any and all secrets that may have been exposed.

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